This article is about cybercrime and Cybercrime Prevention Tips . It is important to understand what cybercrime means, how it works, and how you can protect yourself.
This article explains cybercrime in detail. It will help you to understand the threats that you must protect yourself from online. We discuss:
- What is cybercrime?
- Types of cybercrime?
- What counts as cybercrime with examples?
- How to protect yourself against cybercrime?
What is cybercrime?
Cybercrime refers to criminal activity that targets or uses computers, networks or other networked devices.
Cybercriminals and hackers are the most common perpetrators of cybercrime. Cybercrime can be committed by individuals or companies.
Cybercriminals can be organized and use advanced techniques. They are also highly skilled in technical skills. Some are beginner hackers.
Cybercrime rarely aims to harm computers for other reasons than profit. These could be personal or political.
some of the examples of cyber crimes are:
- Fraud via email and the internet
- Identity fraud is the theft and use of personal information.
- Theft of card or financial payment data.
- Data theft and sale.
- Cyberextortion is the demand for money to stop a threat attack.
- Ransomware attacks (a form of cyberextortion)
- Cryptojacking is where hackers mine cryptocurrency with resources they don’t own.
- Cyberespionage is when hackers gain access to company or government data.
The two most common categories of cybercrime are:
- Criminal activity that targets
- Criminal activity that uses computer as a source to commit other crimes.
Cybercrime that targets computer systems often includes viruses and other malware.
Computers may be infected by malware and viruses to stop their functioning or cause damage. They might also use malware to steal or delete data.
A Denial-of-Service attack is a cybercrime that prevents users from using a computer or network or prevents businesses from providing software services to their customers.
Computers or networks could be used to spread malware, illegal information, or illicit images in cybercrimes that involve computers to commit other crimes.
Cybercriminals may engage in both types of cybercrime simultaneously. They might first target computers with viruses. They can then spread malware to other computers or across a network.
Cybercriminals may also do Distributed-Denial-of-Service (DDoS) attacks. Cybercriminals may use multiple compromised computers to execute this attack, which is very similar to DoS attacks.
cybercrime was considered the third type of crime according to The US Department of Justice. This is when a computer is used to support crime. This could include the storage of stolen data on a computer.
The European Convention of Cybercrime has been signed by the United States. It covers a broad range of computer-related crimes and considers them cybercrime. Here are some examples:
- Illegally intercepting and stealing data
- Interfering in systems that compromise a network.
- Copyright infringement
- Illegal gambling.
- Online selling of illegal goods
- Producing, distributing, or possessing child pornography.
What is cybercrime exactly? Are there any examples well-known?
This section will show you some of the most famous cybercrime attacks perpetrated by cybercriminals. Continue reading to learn more about cybercrime.
Malware attacks are when a computer system is infected by a virus or another type of malware.
Cybercriminals could use a computer that has been infected with malware for a variety of purposes. Cybercriminals could use a computer compromised by malware to steal confidential data, damage data, or carry out other criminal acts.
WannaCry ransomware was a well-known example of malware attacks. It was a global cybercrime that took place in May 2017.
Ransomware is malware that aims to extort money from victims by holding their data and devices to ransom. WannaCry ransomware targeted Microsoft Windows computers.
Two million computers in 150 countries were affected by WannaCry’s ransomware attack. Users were locked out their files and asked to pay BitCoin ransom in order to gain access.
The WannaCry cybercrime has caused financial losses of $4 billion worldwide.
Phishing is the sending of spam emails or other communication en masse with the intent of tricking recipients to do something that compromises their security or the security and safety of the organization they work for.
Infected attachments and links to malicious sites may be included in Phishing Campaign messages. They may also ask for confidential information from the receiver.
One of the most well-known examples of phishing scams from 2018 was that which occurred during the World Cup. INC reports that the World Cup Phishing Scam involved emails sent to football fans.
Spam emails were sent to lure people to take free trips to Moscow, the host of the World Cup. These emails contained links that could be clicked on and opened by people who were unaware of their identity.
Spear-phishing is another type of phishing. These are targeted phishing campaigns that target specific individuals to compromise the security of an organization.
Spear-phishing messages, unlike mass phishing campaigns that are more generic in style, are often crafted to appear like messages from trusted sources. They may appear to have been sent by the CEO or IT manager, for example. They might not be obvious that they are fake.
Distributed DoS attacks
Cybercriminals use distributed DoS attacks (DDoS), a type cybercrime attack, to take down a network or system. DDoS attacks can sometimes be launched from connected IoT devices (internet of everything).
DDoS attacks overwhelm a system using one of the standard communication protocols to spam it with connection requests.
Cybercriminals may use DDoS attacks to threaten their victims and demand money. A DDoS attack can also be used to distract from other types of cybercrime.
The 2017 DDos attack against the UK’s national lottery website is a famous example of such an attack. This took the website and mobile apps of the lottery offline, which prevented UK citizens from playing.
Cybercrime Prevention Tips And How can you protect yourself?
Now that you are aware of the dangers cybercrime poses, how can you protect your computer? These are our top tips.
1. Keep your operating system and software up-to-date
You can benefit from the most recent security patches by keeping your operating system and software up-to-date.
2. Keep your anti-virus software up to date.
Anti-virus software or comprehensive internet security solutions like Kaspersky Total Security are smart ways to protect your system against attacks.
Antivirus software can be used to detect, scan and remove potential threats before they become a problem. This protection will give you peace of mind by protecting your computer and data from cybercrime.
Anti-virus software should be kept up to date in order to ensure maximum protection.
3. Use strong passwords
Use strong passwords that are impossible to guess. To make it easier, you can use a trusted password manager to randomly generate strong passwords.
4. Spam emails contain attachments that you should not open.
Email attachments in spam email are a classic way for computers to be infected with malware and other forms of cybercrime. Never open any attachments and links from unknown senders.
5. Spam emails and links from untrusted websites should not be clicked on
Clicking on links in spam email or other messages or visiting unknown websites is another way to fall prey to cybercrime. To stay safe online, you should not do this.
6. Securely protect your personal information.
If you are not sure whether the line or email is secure, don’t give out any personal information. You must ensure that you speak to the right person.
7. For suspicious requests, contact the companies directly
Hang up if you are asked for data by a company that has called you. To ensure that you speak to the real person and not a cybercriminal, call them back at the number listed on their website.
It is best to use a different phone as cybercriminals could keep the line open. If they think you have redialled, they may pretend that you are calling from the bank or another organization.
8. Pay attention to the URLs of websites you click on
Pay attention to the URLs that you click on. Are they legitimate? Avoid clicking on URLs that look spammy or unfamiliar.
Before you make any financial transactions online, check that your internet security product supports online transactions.
9. Pay attention to your bank statements
These tips will help you avoid becoming a victim of cybercrime. If all else fails it is crucial to quickly identify if you are a victim of cybercrime.
Keep an eye on bank statements and ask for clarifications if you notice suspicious transactions. They can be investigated by the bank to determine if they are fraudulent.
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